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Home Aust Inf Bns 26th Battalion EATHER, Richmond Cornwallis MC & Bar MM

EATHER, Richmond Cornwallis MC & Bar MM



2709, Lieutenant Richmond Cornwallis Eater MC & Bar MM

47th Battalion AIF

25th Battalion AIF

Photo – left to right: Captain James Lionel Fletcher DSO MC and Bar, Lieutenant Richmond Cornwallis Eather MC and Bar MM, Captain George Carroll MC, Major Harold Hillis Page DSO MC.

Awarded Military Medal  – 9th December 1916


Awarded Military Cross – 24th September 1918

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty as battalion intelligence officer, and also in maintaining communication with attack companies after the signalling had been wounded.  He repeatedly passed through heavy enemy barrage to bring in wounded, and was untiring in his efforts under heavy shell fire in maintaining  telephone wires to the front line.

Awarded Bar to Military Cross – 4th October 1919

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty during the attack on the Beaurevoir line, east of Peronne, on 3rd October, 1918.  When the objective was captured, he went across to a flank, and Under heavy fire brought back information that the battalion on the right held up, thus enabling a flank defence to be established at once.  He then went forward to the front line, which had gone past our objective, and brought back valuable information regarding the situation.

Biography by Darryl McIntyre

Richmond Cornwallis Eather (1888-1966), soldier, station-owner and manager, was born on 18 January 1888 at Goodooga, New South Wales, son of John Rowland Eather, storekeeper, and his wife Hannah Anne, née Crothers, both native-born. He was educated at Goodooga Public School but left at 13 to work in local shearing sheds. In 1907 he moved to Richmond, Queensland, and later to Muttaburra and Hughenden, to manage properties owned by his uncles, R., T. and H. Crothers.

Eather enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force as a private on 17 June 1915, embarked with reinforcements for the 15th Battalion in August and saw action at Gallipoli. In March 1916 he was transferred to the 47th Battalion which reached France in June and in August-September fought in the battles of Pozières and Mouquet Farm. Eather was awarded the Military Medal for personal bravery during this period. Promoted sergeant in September, he was posted to the 6th Officer Cadet Battalion at Oxford, England, and in March 1917 was commissioned second lieutenant in the 25th Battalion.

Early in June 1918 a series of minor counter-blows was made by British and Australian formations to relieve pressure on their French allies. On 10 June near Morlancourt the 25th took its objective in a twenty-minute assault. As the battalion’s intelligence officer, Eather showed conspicuous gallantry by maintaining communications with the attacking companies after the signals officer had been wounded. He repeatedly passed through heavy enemy barrages to bring in the wounded as well as to maintain telephone lines to the forward companies, and for these actions was awarded the Military Cross.

In September the allied offensive against the Hindenburg line began, and on 3 October the 25th Battalion spearheaded its brigade’s attack in a two-corps assault on the Beaurevoir line. Eather again showed great bravery and initiative for which he won a Bar to his Military Cross. The battalion attacked at 6 a.m. across three-quarters of a mile (1.2 km) of open country and, after hard fighting, captured its objective. Eather then went across to the right flank under heavy fire and returned with information that the neighbouring battalion was unable to move forward. The 25th immediately established a flank defence to protect against an enemy counter-attack. Eather then went further forward towards the enemy line and brought back valuable information for guiding the next phase of this crucial operation. He was transferred to the 26th Battalion later in the month.

On 13 March 1919 at Knockbreda, Antrim, Ireland, Eather married Mary Jane McFarlane Longmore, a British Army nurse who had won the Royal Red Cross. They returned to Australia in May and until 1927 managed a family property at Muttaburra. Eather then managed Sylvania station near Hughenden and eventually bought the partners out; in 1954 he sold Sylvania and retired to Warwick. He was a prominent citizen in the Hughenden, Richmond and Muttaburra districts and served several terms on the Flinders Shire Council. His main hobbies were horse-racing and exhibiting hacks and hunters in shows. Survived by his wife and two daughters, he died on 21 April 1966 at Warwick.


National Archives – Service Record

Further Reading – 25th Battalion

Further Reading – Battle Scarred – The 47th Battalion in the First World War

Australian Dictionary of Biography

Picture Source – AWM

Photo Coloured – Photocraft

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